Regional Information - Phnom Penh

Phnom Penh Attractions
Phnom Penh is Cambodia’s capital found by lady Penh whose name was given to Phnom Penh city, located on the bank of four rivers Tole Sap, Basak, Up Mekong and Down Me Kong.
It is a home of two million people, bustling and ethnically diverse city with a mixed population of Khmer, Chinese and Vietnamese, and colonial architectures providing the city with a great charm in the orient. And it is the heart of administration centre, education, trade, pubic health, foreign Embassies, NGO, international relations and diplomacy and textile industry of Cambodia to day.
On April 17th, 1975 most of citizens of Phnom Penh were moved out of the city by the Khmer Rouge, and forced to begin new lives farming the rural areas of the country. There were only 2000 people were remained there in 1979.
During this period, around 2 million Cambodians lost their lives. Most of the deaths were due to poor nutrition, overwork, absence of medical care and neglect. However, the regime also brutally killed thousands of people it suspected of treachery.
The French left a legacy of crumbling colonial architecture, some of which has been tastefully renovated. Sidewalk restaurants have sprung up all over town, especially around the recently developed riverfront area. The city has a cosmopolitan feel and there are hotels, bars and restaurants to suit all tastes. Pnom Penh’s nightlife is legendary and the city is very lively at weekends.
Choeung Ek Killing Field or Memorial 

 For over three years from 1975-1979 under the control of Saloth Sar (Pol Pot), there were almost two million people died. The genocide left with 196 Prisons, 81 genocide memorials, 388 Killing Fields, 19653 Mass graves and Stupas were founded in Cambodia.
The Chhoeung Ek Killing Fields was a large Museum in the Southwest of Phnom Penh for assassinating around 17000 men, women, children were sent by the Khmer Rouge from Toul Sleng Museum to be killed.
Choeung Ek is still a grisly, wretched place dominated by a tall stupa containing the skulls of over 8,000 victims of the regime arranged by age and gender. Further human remains are sometimes visible in the makeshift graves surrounding the stupa. Please express your condolence for the death and be respectful of these should you be unfortunate enough to encounter them.
The Choeung Ek Memorial outside Phnom Penh marks the site of the largest and most well-known of Cambodia’s many ‘killing fields. Over 17,000 men, women, children and infants were executed by the Khmer Rouge at Choeung Ek. Many of the dead had been detained and tortured at the equally notorious S-21 prison (now the Toul Sleng Genocide Museum).
Visits to Choeung Ek or S21 are a matter of personal choice. These are not easy or pleasant places to witness. Both sites may seem out of joint with the friendship and courtesy you will have experienced in Cambodia. However, they form a very real and unpleasant part of the nation's history.
Toul Sleng Genocide Museum 

 Toul Sleng is a former of  the Toul Svay Prey High School that was taken over by the Khmer Rouge to be used as the security center( prison, S 21) from 1975- 79 for torturing Cambodian innocence who were recognized as the enemies before sending them to kill at Chheng Ek Killing Field.
S 21 was one of a number of nationwide detentions and interrogation centers, and it was the largest center of incarceration and torture in the country.
There were more then 20000 people were arrested and tortured at Toul Sleng Genocide museum, and 17,000 internees were subsequently taken to the Choeung Ek ‘killing field’ and executed.
Even the Khmer Rouge Genocide and civil war finished, but the s 21 is the terrible image of terror history of Cambodian, it affect too much to the survivors of this person and their families for the death.
The torture tools, detention rooms, whole of the water for dropping the body and photos still exist that make every visitor get shocked and experienced with unbelievable genocide of the Khmer Rouge.  
The Royal Palace 
Constructed between 1866 and 1870 by the French during the reign of King Norodom, it was designed by the famous Khmer architect Oknha Tep Nimith Mak; the palace has several parts, all of which are worth seeing, the Chan Chaya Pavilion is the royal dance hall, used by the king’s family and high-ranking officials to entertain guests, Te Vinichhay Temple is the hall where kings are enthroned. The hall is spectacular and its architecture exquisite. The royal residence itself is in Khemarin Temple, though this area is obviously off-limits to the public.
The Silver Temple (Wat Preah Keo Morokot) the former wooden house, is magnificent and draws its name from its 5000 silver floor tiles. In the center of the temple is a magnificent statue of Buddha made of Baccarat crystal. In front is a 90kg golden Buddha studded with 9,584 diamonds and dating from 1906. The walls of the temple are decorated with a series of stunning murals depicting the entire Ramayana story.
Please dress modestly for visits to the palace: a strict dress code applies to all visitors. Photography is forbidden in some areas.

 The National Museum
The National Museum was built in 1917-1920 after Cambodia gains the independence from the French and is located just north of the Royal Palace. Its stylish, airy galleries contain many ancient artifacts including a range of carvings and lingas rescued from theft at the Angkor site. The covered courtyard area at the heart of the museum is a pleasant place to cool down. There is a reasonably priced souvenir and bookshop in the entrance lobby.
The museum is open Tuesday - Sunday from 7.30am - 5.30pm.It attracts many international visitors and is easily combined with a trip to the Royal Palace. 

 Wat Phnom

Wat Phnom is the symbol of the capital and the place from which Phnom Penh derives its name. The Khmer word 'phnom' means ‘hill’. It is the only hill in Phnom Penh and is located in the north-east of the city between the Boeng Kak Lake and the Tonle Sap River.
According to legend, the first temple on this site was erected in 1373 to house four statues of the Buddha, deposited by the waters of the Mekong and discovered by a woman named Penh. There is a busy little park around the slopes of the hill that hosts an array of street sellers catering to the needs of tourists, and to the constant stream of local pilgrims.

 The Independence Monument

The monument was built in 1958 symbolizing the independence Cambodia gained from France in 1953. Independence is celebrated annually in Cambodia on November 9th. The monument is built in a distinctive Khmer style and doubles as a memorial to former Cambodian patriots.
Russian Market- Phsar Thom Thmei
The Central Market, built in 1935-37, is one of Phnom Penh’s main landmarks and has by far the largest range of products on sale. The market goes by a number of names: The Khmer name is Phsar T'mai [New Market]. It is also known as the Central Market on account of its location.
The yellow, art decoedifice rises above the surrounding streets and is hard to miss. It has a domed central hall and four large extensions filled with small booths. Everything from gold and jewelry to electronic goods and souvenirs are on sale.

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