Regional Information - Northwest and Siem Reap Angkor
 Angkor and other attractions
 
Temples of Angkor

Angkor raised Cambodia’s reputation to the peak and well- know civilization in the world, as Europe has never had so impressive cultural products before and the temples have been erected before Christopher Columbus Found USA.
They are the soul and spirit of Cambodia and symbol kingdom, nation and national unity of the country and they are priceless sources that inspire Cambodian to be very proud. Found by the Khmer king during the peak of Cultural Revolution and architectural achievement, prosperous age and stability of Cambodian politic just before the kingdom felt to turmoil and cultural collapse.
 With in the positive guide line, high aspiration, ambition and devotion of the rulers, the magnificent temples of Angkor were built in the way they struggle in life time purpose and hope to make the country become golden aged era.

 Angkor, the well- known cultural products of Cambodia which has been erected for thousands of year is absolutely the most impressive Cambodian Architectural Value and it is one of the globe’s most amazing historical sites that provide the great photo opportunities to visitors.
More rare visited ruins in the isolated zone, such as Beng Mealea, Koh Ke, Banteay Chhmar, Somboprey Kuk and Preah Vihear temples; so if Khmer ruins are your thing, they must be preserved; and the largely left- hidden in the jungle must have been explored. The isolated provinces where were controlled by Khmer Rouge rebels and land mine were laid down must be explored and cleared.

Siem Reap is best known as home to the magnificent monuments of Angkor, a sprawling World Heritage-listed complex of ancient temple ruins, setting in the northwest of Cambodia.
The provincial capital of Siem Reap is also an administrative centre of Cambodia, consisting of Old Colonial Buildings founded during the colonial era, still in a great charm of the orient. There also a transportation hub, with international flights, buses and taxi, from Vietnam, Thailand and Phnom Penh and speed boats from Phnom Penh and other provinces.

 THE TEMPLES COMPLEX LIST

Banteay Srei(women temple) (967)
 
More than 23 miles north of Angkor complex, the temple of Banteay Srei was made of pink sandstone
 in the end of 10 century for the king master “Kuru” and it was for the dedication to three gods, Shiva, Visnu and Brahma. It is said that the jewel of the Khmer arts as the architectural workmanship and cultural art had reached the richest golden age that make the ruin well known on the in side and outside world.
The monument was not found until 1914, and the site was not renovated until 1923. Now the site is pretty safe and under the concerning eyes of Switzerland government preservation. 

 Bapoun temple ( 1060)

This artificial pyramid based temple was established as the symbol of Mount Meru, dedicated to Shiva God. The construction base was poorly installed that coursed the temple collapse quickly while water leaking. One can make the ruin be very interesting is under the restoration of the France and UNESCO support.
 
 




Royal Palace and Pimean Aka Temple

Since the Angkor empire was found in the late 9th and ended in 15th centuries, the Royal Palace was made of teak wood and solid stone base was the most important residence of the rulers. The buildings in the royal enclosure was also the department of Royal Palace, Public Works and Social Administration Center, Conference Room, performance hall, bathing pools and more…….
 The palace was protected by strong enclosing walls and crocodile pools that played a significant role in securing it and keeping the site more convenient for Cambodian officials working in the palace.
 
Pimean Akas temple (944)
 
 The state ruin of the Royal Dynasties in the Mid of Palace compound, Pimean Akas temple was built in 10th century for Shiva God. This ruin provides an access to explore the unique surrounded – spectacular view of the palace, the Bapoun temple and bathing pools from its upper level. Picture
 
Angkor Wat temple( 1113)
 
The largest archeological- architectural religious temple in Angkor, found in early twelve century, the temple was culturally devoted to the god and served as the tomb of the founder, King Suryavaraman II. This world largest religious site dominated with 400 acres, surrounded by huge manmade reservoir that represented the ocean surrounding Mount Meru. The Building contains five peaks which are formed in pineapple shape, sitting on the third floor are the symbol of Mount Maru, Home of God and Buhhda

 
Angkor Thom City and South Gate
 The huge capital of Angkor Thom, the fortified city was found in the late 12 century when the Cham fleets shack the Angkor city. It is said that it was built by Jayavarman VII to serve a million of people and valuable materials which were used in Angkor. Surrounded by 8meters height solid wall, 25metters in width and 2,50miles long each side, the guardians set up guarding spot on to maintain the capital; the huge moat was for serving crocodiles to guard the city. The city consists of five gates; each tower contained four gigantic smiling faces of the city founder. There were also the Buddha symbolizing the divines state of mind.
 
The Bayon Tempel
 
The largest ruin located in the heart of Angkor Thom city, consists of 54 faces looking at different directions and showing expressions of the Builder King Jayavaraman VII, the most fabulous ruins among a hundred in ANGKOR, it was Buddhist temple and school of Art in History and science of Cambodia from 1181- 1220 and a religious centre of a million people.
                                                                                        

Terrace of the Elephants ( 1186 )

 
Within the location just North of Bayon and in front of the Royal Palace, Terrace of the Elephants was conveniently used as the Performance House, International Diplomat Conference Hall and the entertainment room for Royal Opera, Celestial Apasara Dancing, and it was also for sitting Platform for Royal Dynasty for the General to watch the entertaining elephant fighting, polo game, horse raising and risky acrobats performance on the front row twelve shrines Sour Prat temple. The terrace offers the great shot to travelers by just standing in the front row. The Elephant statues carrying the Royal troops to the battle fields with rare carved Garuda Figures and were done under great workmanship of Cambodian cart men make you feel so impressed about Khmer Arts. Picture
 
Terrace of Leper King ( 1186)  
 
Just next to the terrace of the Elephants, the single building is Terrace of Leper king was used as the crematorium of the founder Jayavarmam VII when Mahayana Buddhism reached its peak in the end of 12 century, the Leper King Terrace named after the French explorer found the roughly damaged skin, fingers and nose statue of Yama God which was brought up in 13century by the Hindduism. Picture 

Surprat Temples( Towers of acrobats)
 
It is hard to believe that the twelve shrines Surprat was connected with tied up animal skin- leather ropes for acrobats whose obligation walked on the rope to entertain the king and royal audiences in the dangerous acrobatic gym. Picture
 
Chao Say and Thomanon temples ( 1113)
 
They both were found by the Hindu King at the same time of Angkor Wat,  used as the monasteries in social groups. Once you will not give up is the stupendous Bas Relief on the wall of Thomanon giving us the science of interest with the Kodak shot. This is one of the greatest products, was restored by the French before the US bombed Cambodia and now it is UNESCO in Cambodia.
 
Chao say, is now under the reconstruction of People republic of China, the Cambodians think that it is great humanitarian aid for the ruins. The temple now is intact.
 
Ta Keo Temple
 
This artificial temple mountain stands on the concrete Volcanic Rock base made from the most of unusual green sandstone that was hard and fragile to be carved on. The site’s shape with five peaks and a higher terrace gives us very a beautiful view of the landscape. It may be a gorgeous view of the temple when you just walk along on the Eastern causeway, flanked with sandstone markers on the both sides. Picture
 




Ta Prohm temple ( 1186 )

 
 Found in the late twelve century, by the Buddhist king in the dedication to Buddha and memorial of his mother, the Buddhist University, school of Art, history, sociology and languages.
 The fabulous Ta prom gives us the priceless values to foreign intellectuals as well as Cambodian citizens. It is one of the most impressive temples in Angkor because of the overgrown trees with intertwined roots that attract visitors to see the awesome jewel in the jungle.
 The site was chosen to film Tomb Raider, performed by Angelina Jolie in 2000, before she became a Good Will Ambassador of  the United Nations to Cambodia.

Banteay Kdei tempel and Srah Srang lake (1181)
 
 Let the Adventurous Asia expert draw you the travel guideline to another attractive Buddhist temple Banteay Kdei. It was found in 1181 and is located next door to Ta Prohm. Here, you will find the monument for Buddhism and it probably was the Royal Court of Angkor Thom city. How amazing to have a look at a temple that has been found by the French but not yet restored. Most of the towers are in good shape, you may be coufused, thinking they have been rebuilt later.




Srah Srang
 

Just in front of BAnteay Kdei, the vast lake consisting of fresh water named Srah Srang Lake, was made in the early Angkor era to serve for water irrigation network of the Angkor Empire, it is one of the many manmade lakes in Angkor, built to sustain the rice that was the main food source for the whole Cambodian economy that time. Picture 
 Pre Rup temple( 961)
 
This early Angkor period was established in 961 for Shiva god and funeral fields of King and relatives.
 
East Mebon temple ( 952)
 
This gorgeous ruin was  found just couple of years before  Pre Rup, located in the middle of  a huge man made island and reservoir that was not reached on foot in Angkor time.
The site contains three levels, the first and second floor-flanked with four elephants each that appeared on site and the fifth floor contained with five pineapple shape of the lotus buds.
 
Ta Som temple ( 1186)
 
Being reconstructed by world monument fund based in New York, the temple can be accessible. The most impressive feature is the overgrown huge faces at the east gate. Picture
 
Neak Pean temple(1186)
 
The famous temple located in the middle of the pool consisting of a reclining Buddha. More over, this ruin was the Buddhist hospital and offered medical treatment to locals who were missing four elements: water, fire, wind and earth through water ablution right below each head in the room connect to surrounding on side pool. Picture
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
 Preah Khan (secret sword) (1191)
 
The monument of Preah Khan is one of enormous large complex in Angkor, made in the end of 12 century on the military base of the king when Chams attack Angkor Thom city and probably the latest Buddhist ruin ever built. In the dedication to memory of king Yayavarman VII’s father, the central sanctuary was installed the figure of Buddha as well as his father. It is also the Buddhist university for larger numbers of Ta Prohm. Picture

 

Krol Ko= Royal Ox farm (1181)

 
Just north of Neak Pean, we step out from the paved road, once you can discover pretty bad shape-small ruin named Krol Ko. It was established in the end of 12 century for Buddhism. Picture
Preah Ko, Bakong and Lo Lei( found earlier).
 
The ruins in Rolous group were found in the late of 9 century for the honor of the god Shiva. After the liberation of kingdom from Indonesians. It was conflict in Pre Angkorian dynasty and Indonesian; there for king Jayavarman II reinforce himself to establish Hariharalaya as the permanent city for securing the country security from outside world and both reunified the two Pre Angkorian Kingdoms of Funan and Chenla, low land and high land to build the new  kingdom named Angkor which mean prosperous city and it was also for reunifying numerous people who believe in Shivaism and Visnuism to shorsip in place by instaling  Hara half Vishnu and half Shiva staues.
 
Temple of Preah Ko (847)
 
The earliest construction found in 879 by Indravaraman. It was the form of Hariharalaya city dedicated to Shiva and ancestor( patriarchal and matriarchal)  with three towers in front row dedicated to paternal ancestors and three at the back for material ancestor.
 
 
 
 
 
Lo Lei (893)
 
The last in Rolous group for Shiva god in 893. found the mid of man made island.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ba Kong (881)
 
For Shiva god and previous king JayavamanII. Phnom Bakheng Hill
 top of sunset over Angkor Wat, Western Baray and city of Siem Reap. The temple of Phnom Bakheng was established on top of natural hill in the dedication to god Shiva, it was a first Hindu monument shortly after the first Angkor empire grand son king moved the capital from “Harihara Laya” Rolous to Angkor which it’s heart was on the peak on its peak (Phnom Bakheng) hill right in front of Bakheng temple.
 Banteay Samre= saterdal of Tribal Samre family( 1113)
 
Driving through the ethnic village of Preah Dak about 2 miles, the temple shrines raise up above the bush, was found in the end of 12 century for Visnu god; it is one of secret constructions of Suryavarman II from Angkor to the kingdom of Cham. Picture
  Kbal Spean(head of bridge) (850)
 This site was founded on the peak of natural hill as the fortress of the empire. It was the huge turmoil of the Khmer in awhile that coursed that king and his people built the fortified city and carved sandstone in the riverbed for whorship. You may wish to spend a while to walk through the jungle, just over a mile

 Beng Mealea temple (the hidden track  jungle ruin) (1113)

 
With in the isolation of Angkor, the 12 century Hindu temple erected as a religious need among thousands of villagers living next door.
 In that time, the country was sacked by Cham armies, the king Surriyavarman II probably used the temple as the military base for his tropes during the procession from Angkor to the battle fields. This is the fantastic jungle monument that I strongly recommend to my valued clients and the rest of the world.
 
Koh Ker tepme ( 844) AD
 
Driving north for hours and long distances, you will reach the 10 century isolated ruins of Koh Ker. There consists of many groups temples circled as the gate to military sting hold either kind Holy worship centre. More than old ruins that almost destroyed and some left with living creeper on, you might stop to explore huge 10 century water pool that may make you high lighting during this sight seeing trip. Picture
Phnom Kulen(mountain  capital)
 
This hill was considered as the most secret for pilgrimage and among religious followers; however, Phnom Kulen was the early capital of Angkor before the famous king Jayavaman II found capital of Angkor.
 
Phnom Krom mountain and temple
 
12 km south of city by the road to Tonle Sap, the natural hill Phnom Krom remains great tranquil spots for sunset over Tonle Sap, beautiful landscape and city of Siem Reap at the north. Keep working further west, you sight seeing will see the early Hindu temple Phnom Krom found just the same period of Phnom.
 
The Hindu monuments for Shiva, there were represented Mount Meru.
Outside Siem Reap
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bateay Chhmar tempel
 
The ruin of Banteay Chhmar found in the late of 12 century on the early, was dedicated to Buddhism and the king Jayavaman VII’s son who was then assassinated by the Cham armies and it was also dedicated to Cambodian generals who defeated the Cham armies, and helped nursed million people back to life.
 It was probably found as funerary temple of the king grand mother. The huge complex of Banteay Chhma was also the Buddhist monastery and university and school of art in Royal academy.

 

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